1: Chemical Product and Company Identification
chloride, Osvan, Paralkan, Germitol, Germicin, Enuclen, Drapolex,
Cequartyl, Benzalkonium A, Benirol, Bayclean, Ammonyx; Alkyl dimethylbenzyl
ammonium chloride; Ammonium, Alkyldimethyl(phenylmethyl) Chloride;
Alkylbenzyldimethylammonium Chloride; Alkyldimethyl(phenylmethyl)quaternary
ammonium chlorides; Quaternary ammonium compounds, alkylbenzyldimethyl,
Formula: Not available.
2: Composition and Information on Ingredients Composition:
CAS # % by Weight
chloride 8001-54-5 100
Data on Ingredients: Benzalkonium
chloride: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 240 mg/kg [Rat].
3: Hazards Identification Potential Acute Health Effects:
hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of
ingestion, of inhalation. Hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive), of eye
contact (corrosive). The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact.
Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce
inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to
gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and
coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness
or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and
itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or,
Chronic Health Effects:
EFFECTS: Not available. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic
cells. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.
DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Classified Reproductive system/toxin/female,
Reproductive system/toxin/male [POSSIBLE]. The substance may be toxic to
kidneys, liver, heart, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, central
nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can
produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of
dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin
destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying
of respiratory irritation or lung damage.
4: First Aid Measures Eye Contact:
for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes
with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get
medical attention immediately.
Contact: In case of
contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes
while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an
emollient. Cold water may be used. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean
shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately.
Skin Contact:Wash with a
disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream.
Seek immediate medical attention.
inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If
breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention immediately.
victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a
collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If
the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It
maybe hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek immediate
NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give
anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If large quantities of this material
are swallowed, call a physician immediately. Loosen tight clothing such as a
collar, tie, belt or waistband.
Ingestion: Not available.
5: Fire and Explosion Data
of the Product: May be
combustible at high temperature.
Points: OPEN CUP: 250°C
Limits: Not available.
of Combustion: Not
Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Slightly
flammable to flammable in presence of heat.
Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:
of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.
Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not
Fighting Media and Instructions:
FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder. LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, fog or foam. Do not
use water jet.
Remarks on Fire Hazards: As
with most organic solids, fire is possible at elevated temperatures
Remarks on Explosion Hazards:
dust dispersed in air in sufficient concentrations, and in the presences of an
ignition source is a potential dust explosion hazard.
6: Accidental Release Measures
Spill: Use appropriate
tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container.
Spill: Corrosive solid.
Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch
spilled material. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers,
basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Eliminate all ignition sources.
Call for assistance on disposal.
7: Handling and Storage Precautions:
locked up.. Keep container dry. Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of
ignition. Empty containers pose a fire risk, evaporate the residue under a fume
hood. Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. Never add water to this product. In
case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If
ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing
container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Do not
store above 23°C (73.4°F).
8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep
airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate
dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants
below the exposure limit.
Synthetic apron. Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified
respirator or equivalent. Gloves.
Protection in Case of a Large Spill:Splash
goggles. Full suit. Vapor and dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained
breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested
protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE
handling this product.
Limits: Not available.
9: Physical and Chemical Properties
state and appearance: Solid.
(Amorphous solid powder or lumps.)
Weight: Not available.
White to yellowish.
(1% soln/water): Not
Point: Not available.
temperature: >140°C (284°F)
Gravity: 0.98 (Water = 1)
Pressure: Not applicable.
Density: Not available.
Threshold: Not available.
Dist. Coeff.: Not
(in Water): Not available.
Properties: See solubility
in water, acetone.
soluble in cold water, hot water. Soluble in acetone. Very slightly soluble in
diethyl ether. Very soluble in alcohol. Soluble in benzene. Solubility in
Benzene: 1 g dissolves in 6 ml of benzene. Solubility in Ether: 1 g dissolves in
100 ml of Ether
10: Stability and Reactivity Data
The product is stable.
of Instability: Excess
heat, dust generation, moisture, incompatible materials.
with various substances: Reactive
with oxidizing agents.
Non-corrosive in presence
Remarks on Reactivity: Hygroscopic.
Also incompatible with nitrates, anion detergents
Remarks on Corrosivity: Not
Will not occur.
11: Toxicological Information
of Entry: Inhalation.
to Animals: Acute oral
toxicity (LD50): 240 mg/kg [Rat].
Effects on Humans:
EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. Mutagenic for bacteria and/or
Classified Reproductive system/toxin/female, Reproductive system/toxin/male
[POSSIBLE]. May cause damage to the following organs: kidneys, liver, heart,
gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, central nervous system (CNS).
Toxic Effects on Humans:
hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, . Hazardous in case
of skin contact (corrosive), of eye contact (corrosive), of inhalation (lung
Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Not
Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans:
affect genetic material (mutagen) and cause adverse reproductive effects
(fetotoxicity, fertility (female)) based on laboratory experiments on animals.
Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:
Potential Health Effects: Skin: Causes severe skin irritation and burns. Eyes:
Causes sever eye irritation and burns. Ingestion: Harmful if swallowed. May
cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes
gastrointestinal (digestive) tract burns. May affect behavior (central nervous
system depression, depression) and metabolism. May produce burning pains in the
mouth, throat, and abdomen, profuse salivation, muscle weakness. May also affect
the respiratory system and cardiovascular system, liver and kidneys. Inhalation:
May cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing,
shortness of breath, and delayed lung edema. Causes chemical burns to the
respiratory tract. Causes irritation of the mucous membranes. Chronic Potential
Health Effects: May affect material (mutagenic) and may cause adverse
reproductive effects. Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.
Repeated or prolonged exposure may cause allergic reactions in sensitive
individuals. May cause cyanosis of the skin and lips caused by lack of oxygen.
12: Ecological Information
and COD: Not available.
hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term
degradation products may arise.
of the Products of Biodegradation: Not
Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not
13: Disposal Considerations
Disposal:Waste must be
disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control
14: Transport Information
Classification: Class 8:
: Corrosive Solid, Acid,
Organic, n.o.s. (Benzalkonium Chloride) UNNA: 3261 PG: II
Provisions for Transport: Not
15: Other Regulatory Information
and State Regulations: No
products were found.
Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).
D-1B: Material causing immediate and serious toxic effects (TOXIC). CLASS D-2B:
Material causing other toxic effects
CLASS E: Corrosive solid.
Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed. R34- Causes burns. R50- Very
toxic to aquatic organisms. S26- In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S28- After contact with skin, wash
immediately with plenty of water. S36/37/39- Wear suitable protective clothing,
gloves and eye/face protection. S45- In case of accident or if you feel unwell,
seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). S61- Avoid
release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/Safety data sheets.
Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.):
Synthetic apron. Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified
respirator or equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is
inadequate. Splash goggles.
Disclaimer: Nile Chemicals. provides the
information contained herein in good faith but makes no representation as to its
comprehensiveness or accuracy. This document is intended only as a guide to the
appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person
using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their
independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular
purpose. NILE CHEMICALS. MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION SET FORTH
HEREIN OR THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS. ACCORDINGLY, NILE
CHEMICALS. WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM USE OF OR RELIANCE
UPON THIS INFORMATION.
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