NILE CHEMICALS

BIPHENYL

1. Product Identification

Synonyms: Diphenol; 1,1'biphenyl; phenylbenzene
CAS No.: 92-52-4
Molecular Weight: 154.21
Chemical Formula: C12H10


2. Composition/Information on Ingredients

 
  Ingredient                                CAS No         Percent        Hazardous                                 
  ---------------------------------------   ------------   ------------   ---------  
  Biphenyl                                  92-52-4          90 - 100%       Yes                                                                   
 

3. Hazards Identification

---------------------------------
Potential Health Effects
----------------------------------
Inhalation: Inhalation of dust or vapors can irritate the mucous membranes and respiratory tract. Other symptoms may parallel those from ingestion exposure.
Ingestion: Exerts toxic effects on the central nervous system and liver. Symptoms may include headache, diffuse gastro-intestinal pain, nausea, numbness, body aches, and general fatigue.
Skin Contact: May cause irritation. May be absorbed through the skin with symptoms paralleling those from ingestion exposure. May cause allergic reaction in sensitive individuals.
Eye Contact: Vapors and dust cause eye irritation.
Chronic Exposure: Chronic exposure may cause peripheral nerve damage and liver injury.
Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions: No information found.


4. First Aid Measures

Inhalation:Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.
Ingestion:Induce vomiting immediately as directed by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention.
Skin Contact:Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.
Eye Contact:Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention immediately.


5. Fire Fighting Measures

Fire:Flash point: 113C (235F) CC
Autoignition temperature: 540C (1004F)
Flammable limits in air % by volume:
lel: 0.6; uel: 5.8
Explosion:Above the flash point, explosive vapor-air mixtures may be formed. Fine dust dispersed in air in sufficient concentrations, and in the presence of an ignition source is a potential dust explosion hazard.
Fire Extinguishing Media:Water spray, dry chemical, alcohol foam, or carbon dioxide. Water or foam may cause frothing.
Special Information:In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode.


6. Accidental Release Measures

Remove all sources of ignition. Ventilate area of leak or spill. Wear appropriate personal protective equipment as specified in Section 8. Spills: Clean up spills in a manner that does not disperse dust into the air. Use non-sparking tools and equipment. Reduce airborne dust and prevent scattering by moistening with water. Pick up spill for recovery or disposal and place in a closed container. US Regulations (CERCLA) require reporting spills and releases to soil, water and air in excess of reportable quantities.


7. Handling and Storage

Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area. Protect against physical damage. Isolate from incompatible substances. Containers of this material may be hazardous when empty since they retain product residues (dust, solids); observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product.


8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Airborne Exposure Limits:
-OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):
0.2 ppm (TWA).
-ACGIH Threshold Limit Value (TLV):
0.2 ppm (TWA)
Ventilation System:
A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures below the Airborne Exposure Limits. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area. Please refer to the ACGIH document, Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Recommended Practices, most recent edition, for details.
Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved):
If the exposure limit is exceeded and engineering controls are not feasible, a half-face respirator with an organic vapor cartridge and particulate filter (NIOSH type N95 or better filter) may be worn for up to ten times the exposure limit or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. A full-face piece respirator with an organic vapor cartridge and particulate filter (NIOSH N 100 filter) may be worn up to 50 times the exposure limit, or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. If oil particles (e.g. lubricants, cutting fluids, glycerine, etc.) are present, use a NIOSH type R or P particulate filter. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-face piece positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator. WARNING: Air-purifying respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres.
Skin Protection:
Wear impervious protective clothing, including boots, gloves, lab coat, apron or coveralls, as appropriate, to prevent skin contact.
Eye Protection:
Use chemical safety goggles and/or full face shield where dusting or splashing of solutions is possible. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick-drench facilities in work area.


9. Physical and Chemical Properties

Appearance: White crystals.
Odor: Pleasant, peculiar odor.
Solubility: Insoluble in water.
Specific Gravity: 1.041
pH: No information found.
% Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F): 0
Boiling Point: 254 - 255C (489 - 491F)

Melting Point: 69 - 70C (156 - 158F)
Vapor Density (Air=1): 5.31
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): 0.005 @ 20.4C (68F)
Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): No information found.


10. Stability and Reactivity

Stability: Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide may form when heated to decomposition.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Incompatibilities: Strong oxidizers.
Conditions to Avoid: Heat, flame, ignition sources, dusting and incompatibles.


11. Toxicological Information

Toxicological Data:
Oral rat LD50 2400 mg/kg; Skin rabbit LD50: > 5010 mg/kg; Irritation (std Draize) rabbit: eye = 100 mg, mild. Investigated as a tumorigen and mutagen.
Carcinogenicity:
EPA / IRIS classification: Group D1 - Not classifiable as a human carcinogen.

  --------\Cancer Lists\------------------------------------------------------
                                         ---NTP Carcinogen---
  Ingredient                             Known    Anticipated    IARC Category
  ------------------------------------   -----    -----------    -------------
  Biphenyl (92-52-4)                      No          No            None

12. Ecological Information

Environmental Fate: No information found.
Environmental Toxicity: No information found.


13. Disposal Considerations

Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be managed in an appropriate and approved waste disposal facility. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state and local requirements.


14. Transport Information

International (Water, I.M.O.)
-----------------------------
Proper Shipping Name: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (DIPHENYL)
Hazard Class: 9
UN/NA: UN3077
Packing Group: III
Information reported for product/size: 1KG

International (Air, I.C.A.O.)
-----------------------------
Proper Shipping Name: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (DIPHENYL)
Hazard Class: 9
UN/NA: UN3077
Packing Group: III
Information reported for product/size: 1KG


15. Regulatory Information

  --------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 1\---------------------------------
  Ingredient                                       TSCA  EC   Japan  Australia
  -----------------------------------------------  ----  ---  -----  ---------
  Biphenyl (92-52-4)                                Yes  Yes   Yes      Yes                                     
 
  --------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 2\---------------------------------
                                                          --Canada--
  Ingredient                                       Korea  DSL   NDSL  Phil.
  -----------------------------------------------  -----  ---   ----  -----
  Biphenyl (92-52-4)                                Yes   Yes   No     Yes
 
  --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 1\----------------
                                             -SARA 302-    ------SARA 313------
  Ingredient                                 RQ    TPQ     List  Chemical Catg.
  -----------------------------------------  ---   -----   ----  --------------
  Biphenyl (92-52-4)                         No    No      Yes        No
 
  --------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 2\----------------
                                                        -RCRA-    -TSCA-
  Ingredient                                 CERCLA     261.33     8(d)
  -----------------------------------------  ------     ------    ------
  Biphenyl (92-52-4)                         100        No         No                                                                
 Chemical Weapons Convention:  No     TSCA 12(b):  No     CDTA:  Yes
SARA 311/312:  Acute: Yes      Chronic: Yes  Fire: No  Pressure: No
Reactivity: No          (Pure / Solid)

16. Other Information

Disclaimer: Nile Chemicals. provides the information contained herein in good faith but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. This document is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose. NILE CHEMICALS. MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION SET FORTH HEREIN OR THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS. ACCORDINGLY, NILE CHEMICALS. WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM USE OF OR RELIANCE UPON THIS INFORMATION.
 

 

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